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    人教版高二英语下册知识点汇总 助你轻松复习!

    来源:51EDU精品学习网编辑:小推 发布时间:2017-11-22 16:07:02
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    精品学习网 www.ahzuan.com 【 本文摘要 】高二学习是整个高中阶段重要的组成部分之一,同学们打好高二的基础,对于成功完成高中阶段的学习任务具有深远而重大的意义。高二一年有许多科会考,任务是高中阶段最繁重的一年。为大家整理了人教版高二英语下册知识点,供大家参考。

    【 关 键 词 】 人教版高二英语下册知识点

    高二学习是整个高中阶段重要的组成部分之一,同学们打好高二的基础,对于成功完成高中阶段的学习任务具有深远而重大的意义。高二一年有许多科会考,任务是高中阶段最繁重的一年。为大家整理了人教版高二英语下册知识点,供大家参考。

    人教版高二英语下册知识点汇总 助你轻松复习!

    【高二英语下册知识点】

    Unit1 Scientific achievements

    wish希望

    wish to do sth.

    wish sb. to do sth.

    Wish that…

    注意: 引导的宾语从句,谓语动词用虚拟形式, 可以表示对现在/当时;过去;未来的“希望”

    eg. I wish that I were five years old.

    I wish that I had studied hard before.

    I wish that I could walk in space some day.

    wish sb. sth.

    Eg. I wish you good luck.

    点击查看完整内容:高二英语下册第1单元知识点:Scientific achievements

    Unit2 Fact and fantasy

    any better 更好

    any [′anI] adv. (used with faster, slower, better, etc. , in questions and after if/whether 用于疑问句中,与faster, slower, better等连用;用于if/whether之后)to any degree; at all在任何程度上;丝毫 eg:

    I can’t run any faster. 我无法跑得更快了。

    Is your father any better? 你父亲有所好转了吗?

    点击查看完整内容:高二英语下册第2单元重点解析:Fact and fantasy

    Unit3 The water planet

    practise后面的动词一般要用-ing形式。类似practise这种接动词-ing形式作宾语的动词还有:finish, enjoy, mind, give up, can't help, suggest, keep等。如:① I practise playing the piano every day. 我每天练习弹钢琴。② She had finished writing the letter when I went in. 我进去时她已写完信了。③He enjoys skating very much. 他非常喜欢溜冰。④ Do you mind closing the window? 请你把窗

    户关上好吗? ⑤ Mary couldn't help laughing at Tom's joke. 对于Tom的玩笑,Mary忍不住笑了。

    拓展:practice n. in practice实际上put sth. into practice将...付诸实施

    点击查看完整内容:高二英语下册第3单元知识点:The water planet

    Unit4 Freedom fighters

    prison: put/throw/send sb. in (into) prison 将……送进监狱,注意:prison前不加冠词,表示较为抽象的概念。其被动形式为be put in (into) prison (被关进监狱). be sent to prison (被送进监狱); be thrown into prison (被投进监狱)。如:Law-breakers are put in/into prison. 犯法的人都要坐牢。The thief was sent to prison for a year. 那个小偷被送去坐了一年牢。He was put in prison/thrown into prison/sent to prison/taken to prison for political reasons. 由于政治原因,他被关进了监狱。Whoever refused to bow was thrown into prison. 任何拒绝鞠躬的人都被关进了监狱。

    拓展:go to prison 入狱; be out of prison 出狱; be in prison 在狱中; escape from prison 越狱; come out of prison 出狱; break prison 越狱

    点击查看完整内容:高二英语下册第4单元重难点:Freedom fighters

    Unit5 Destinations

    see fit意为“认为正确、合适”“愿意”“决定”,如要表示“认为做某事合适”,应在see fit后加动词不定式。如:① I don't see fit to tell him all our plans. 我们的全部计划告诉他,我看不太合适。② You may stay on if you Bee fit to do so. 果你愿意的话,可以在这里继续呆下去。③ I don't know why they see fit to leave so suddenly.我不明白,他们为什么决定这样突然走掉。④ You may arrange everything as you see fit. 一切,你觉得怎么办好就怎么办。⑤ For some reason, they saw 6t to exclude him from the invitation list. 由于某种原因,他们觉得不把他列入邀请名单为好。⑥ They saw fit to employ someone else. 他们觉得雇佣别人更合适。

    点击查看完整内容:高二英语下册第5单元知识点:Destinations

    Unit6 The United States of America

    ★ be known as 作为……而有名气

    ▲ known as, known by, known for 与 known to be known as 以……而知名,著称;be known be by 意为根据(按照)…得知(较少用),be known for 因…而众所周知,表示之所以被众人所知的 be 原因或特征,for 后面常跟抽象动词;be known to 则意为“为…所知”,仅仅表示“大家都知 be 道”指某个地方或某一范围的人知道。

    例如:A man is known by the company he keeps. 看 其交友可知其人。She was well-known as an excellent dancer. 她作为一名优秀的舞蹈家而 闻名。He's known for his readiness to help others. 他乐于助人是非常闻名的。 He’s known to the police as a thief. 警察都知道他是个小偷。 辨析:know 辨析 know 与 recognize know 指“知道”可表示“认识”,也可表示熟悉,了解事物。recognize 指“认出,认识, 承认”。例如: I don't know the star but I know of him. 我不认识这位明星,但我听说 过。I recognized his voice in the dark. 黑暗中我听出了他的声音。

    点击查看完整内容:高二英语下册第6单元知识点解析

    Unit7 Disabilities

    disability和inability

    ▲ dis-和in-都是表示否定意义的前缀,但用在ability前,表示不同的意思,disability意为“残疾”,而inability意为“无能力”“没办法”。请比较下列例句,注意这两个词的不同意思。① I was surprised at her inability to do things promptly. 她不能迅速处事,我感到惊异。② She is deaf,but refuses to let her disability prevent her from doing what she wants to do. 她失聪,但她不让自己的残疾妨碍自己去做想做的事。③ His inability to pay his debts made his parents worried. 他无力偿还债务使他父母亲很着急。④ Her lack of experience is a severe disability. 她缺少经验是一个严重的障碍。

    点击查看完整内容:高二英语下册第7单元重点解析:Disabilities

    Unit8 Inventions

    come up with意为“提出”“想出”。如:① The teacher asked a difficult question,but finally Tom came up with a good answer. 老师提出了一个难题,但汤姆最后想出了一个好答案。② The magazine recently came up with some advice on smoking. 那本杂志最近就吸烟问题提出了一些忠告。③ I hope you can come up with a better plan than this. 我希望你能想出一个比这个更好些的计划来。④ Scientists will have to come up with new methods of increasing the world's food supply.科学家们必须找出增加全世界食品供应的新方法。⑤ You have no choice but to come up with the £18000.你别无选择,必须拿出那一万八千英镑来。

    点击查看完整内容:高二英语下册第8单元重难点:Inventions

    Unit9 The Merchant of Venice

    A.在与谓语时间相关性上的不同:现在分词与谓语动词时间相同;过去分词早于谓语动词时间;不定式一般迟于谓语动词时间.试比较:

    Seeing nobody in the classroom,he turned off the light and went out.

    Heated to a high temperature,water will change into steam.

    We are studying hard to serve the people well in the future.

    B.功能上的不同:不定式主要作目的、结果状语.表示目的一般用“in or-der to do sth.”或“so as to do sth.”,但“so as to do sth.”不能位于句首.表示结果常用于only之后(动词常常是find,see等)或用于...enough to do sth.:too...to;s o...as to...等结构中,而分词则可作时间、条件、原因、伴随性状语.

    点击查看完整内容:高二英语下册第9单元知识点:The Merchant of Venice

    Unit10 Archaeology

    curiosity n. 好奇心; 求知欲;珍品, 古董; 奇人[事、物] 奇特性

    He is full of curiosity. 他充满了好奇心。

    be on tiptoe with curiosity充满好奇心

    from curiosity (=out of curiosity) 在好奇心驱使下

    in open curiosity 公然出头过问与自己无关的事

    Curious killed a cat. 好奇伤身。

    点击查看完整内容:高二英语下册第10单元知识点:Archaeology

    高中英语的学习对学习者的能力是一个新的机遇与挑战,必要的策略和方法就显得尤为重要了。以上人教版高二英语下册知识点,望与广大老师和学生共享。

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